Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History & Culture Enduring Connections: Exploring Delmarva's Black History

Source Information

About Virginia Runaway Slave Records, (Accomack County, 1826, 1839) (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 9 Records • Uploaded November 1, 2021 • Data Website: www.virginiamemory.com

A “runaway slave record,” or as it is officially titled, “Runaway and Escaped Slaves Records, 1794, 1806-1863,” include accounts, correspondence, receipts, and reports concerning expenses incurred by localities related to the capture of enslaved people attempting to escape to freedom. Localities were reimbursed for the expenses of confining, feeding, and selling of self-emancipated people. The proceeds from the sale went to the state treasury, and often, records of those sales can be found in the Public Claims records from the Auditor of Public Accounts. The net proceeds were deposited into the Commonwealth’s Literary Fund for public education. The collection also includes records with information related to enslaved people from multiple localities who escaped to United States military forces during the Civil War.

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project aims to provide greater accessibility to pre-1865 African American history and genealogy found in the rich primary sources in its holdings.

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Fields Included

The list below shows the data fields included in this source. If a field is marked as Indexed, it is searchable.

  • File Name
  • Date Indexed
  • Date of Escape Indexed
  • First Name Indexed
  • Middle Name Indexed
  • Surname Indexed
  • Alias Indexed
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Children Indexed
  • Slave Owner Indexed
  • New Owner Indexed
  • Occupation Indexed
  • Remarks Indexed
  • Processor's Notes Indexed
  • Place of Imprisonment Indexed
  • District of Indexed
  • Locality Indexed
  • Source
  • EAD
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