Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History & Culture Enduring Connections: Exploring Delmarva's Black History

Source Information

1850 U.S. Census Slave Schedule

Censuses & Lists • 14,844 Records • Uploaded July 6, 2021

During the 1850 census, a separate 'slave schedule' enumerated the enslaved people in the United States. Enslaved people were not listed by name and instead were listed by slaveowner in each county and election district.

Census records are preserved at the National Archives and Records Administration, which makes digitized copies of the censuses available through digitization partners. These partners include FamilySearch and HeritageQuest (accessible with most local library cards directly from website; for example, see Wicomico Public Libraries' database listings).

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Fields Included

The list below shows the data fields included in this source. If a field is marked as Indexed, it is searchable.

  • District Indexed
  • County
  • Page Number
  • Line Number
  • Enumeration Date
  • Name of Owner Indexed
  • Number of Slave
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Listed in the same row as the owner, the number of uncaught escaped slaves in the past year
  • Listed in the same row as the owner, the number of slaves freed from bondage in the past year Indexed
  • Is the slave “deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic?” Indexed
  • Transcriber Notes Indexed
  • Name of Census Enumerator
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